Some facts about Pakistan

Information source: CIA The World Factbook

Country Name (Conventional long form)
Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Country Name (Conventional short form)
Former Country Name (Conventional)
West Pakistan
Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north.
Islamabad (Former: Karachi).
Pakistani Rupee (PKR).
Independance Day
14th August 1947.
National Holiday
Republic Day, 23 March (1956).
Time Zone
Pakistan standard time is GMT +5 hours.
Ethnic Groups
Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir (immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants).
Noun: Pakistani(s).

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Muslim 97% (Sunni 77%, Shi'a 20%), Christian, Hindu, and other 3%.
Father of the Nation
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
Head of State
General Pervez Musharraf.
803,940 sq km
778,720 sq km
25,220 sq km
Flat Indus plain in East; mountains in North and Northwest; Balochistan plateau in west.
Geographical Features
Pakistan touches the Hindukush Mountains in the North and extends from the Pamirs to the Arabian Sea. Pakistan is bounded by Iran in the West, Afghanistan in the North West, China in the north and India in the East and South east and Arabian Sea in the South.
Mainly dry. Rainfall varies between four and forty inches. Temperature varies from extreme summer heat to a brisk, invigorating winter with heavy snowfall at elevated places.

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Average Rainfall
Elevation Extremes
lowest point
Indian Ocean 0 m.
Highest point
K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m.
Flag Description
Green with a vertical white band (symbolizing the role of religious minorities) on the hoist side; a large white crescent and star are centered in the green field; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam.
Military Branches
Army (includes National Guard), Navy (includes Marines), Air Force (2006).
Major Cities
Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Faisalabad, Peshawar, Quetta and Hyderabad.
164,741,924 (July 2007 est.).
Population Growth Rate
1.828% (2007 est.).
Birth Rate
27.52 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate
8 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashto 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official and lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%.

Economic Facts

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)
$437.5 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (Official Exchange Rate)
$124 billion (2006 EST.)

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GDP- real growth
6.6% (2006 EST.).
GDP- per capita
$2600 (2006 EST.).
GDP- composition by sector (2006 EST.)
Unemployment Rate
6.5% plus substantial underemployment (2006 EST.).
Inflation Rate (consumer prices)
7.9% (2006 EST.).
$20.55 billion
$25.65 billion ; including capital expenditures of $NA (2006 EST.).
Public Debt
55% of GDP (2006 EST.).
Agriculture Products
Cotton, wheat, rice, sugar cane, vegetables; milk, beef, mutton, and eggs.

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Textiles, and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, and shrimp.
Industrial Production Growth Rate
6% (2006 EST.).
$29.24 billion f.o.b (2006 EST.).
Export Commodities
Textiles (Garments, bed linen, cotton cloth, yarn) rice, leather goods, sports goods, chemicals, manufactures, carpets and rugs.
$26.79 billion f.o.b (2006 EST.).
Import Commodities
Petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics, transportation equipment, edible oil, paper and paper boards, iron and steel, and tea.
Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold
$13.29 billion (2006 EST.).
Debt External
$42.38 billion (2006 EST.).
Exchange Rates
Pakistani Rupeees per US Dollar
60.35 (2006), 59.515 (2005), 59.258 (2004), 57.752 (2003), 59.724 (2002)
Fiscal Year
1 July -30 June

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